Drought and Water Shortage Preparation

Water Law Resource
May 17, 2012 — 969 views  
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Droughts can have severe repercussions to the natural water table of an area. The depleted moisture in the land and dried materials can wreak havoc on an eco-system and regional industries by delaying projects or increasing expenses.


Developers considering an area for a project should consider the local area’s typical weather patterns to ensure the best results. For example, a drought can decrease crop yields, impact feed and forage and alter plant populations in agriculture industries, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and it isn’t just this industry that can suffer from a drought.


The National Oceanic & Atmosphere Administration can provide professionals and the average American with information on water shortage preparation methods. In addition, the National Integrated Drought Information System gives access to the latest drought assessment statistics and expert predictions for the upcoming year.


Here are four tips for preparing for a drought:


1. Maintain equipment. Regularly checking up on the efficiency of units that deal with the delivery or treatment of water can help identify what may need to be repaired in order to reduce waste. For example, nozzles and pipes should be tightened to prevent leaks and should be properly insulated to reduce condensation. In addition, remember to keep consumption sources such as drains equally efficient.

2. Monitor water levels. If the region is prone to drought or typically experiences a dry winter season, consider using state and federal resources to monitor water levels in the area. If possible, consider signing up for drought and extreme weather notifications to increase preparedness from local or federal agencies.

3. Identify alternative sources. During a drought, the regular day-to-day sources of water may dry up without advance warning. Therefore, it is best to devise an action plan to gain access to other sources of water. Developing an emergency plan of action that is complete with many contingencies can improve the overall success of the venture now and in the future.

4. Invest in energy-efficient equipment. If droughts are a regular occurrence for the region, consider investing in energy-efficient equipment. Water recycling drain pipes or low-flush toilets are just two potential recycling measures to contemplate. Both of these reduce dependence on the resource, can reduce overall consumption and decrease a water bill.

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